Tuesday, 3 January 2012

100 things…General information on travel

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".

Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity.
  •  In 2010 there were over 940 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 6.6% when compared to 2009
  • International tourism receipts grew to US$919 billion (€693 billion), corresponding to an increase in real terms of 4.7%.
  •  As a result of the late-2000s recession, international travel demand suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009. After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, and ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007. This negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, and a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts.
Tourism is important and in some cases vital for many countries:
  • France
  • Egypt
  • Greece
  • Lebanon
  • Israel
  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • Spain
  • Italy
  • Thailand
  • Many island nations, such as Mauritius, The Bahamas, Fiji, Maldives, Philippines and the Seychelles. It brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, contributing an estimated 5% to the worldwide gross domestic product (GDP), and it creates opportunities for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships and taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotels and resorts; and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, music venues and theatres.
Holiday types:
  • shopping breaks
  • beach holidays
  • package holidays
  • Disney holidays
  • Family holidays
  • All inclusive holidays
  • Ski
  • Luxury
  • Golf
  • Spa
  • Romantic
  • Honeymoons
  • Flydrive
  • Cruise
  • Cruise and stay
  • Multi-centre
  • Escorted
  • Just a hotel

Top 10 holidays in 2012 
  1. Spain 
  2. France 
  3. Great Britain 
  4. Greece 
  5. Italy 
  6. USA 
  7. Turkey
  8. Egypt 
  9. Croatia
  10. Thailand 
Graph and stats about holidays and different elements of them, these aren’t the most up to date graphs but I still thought it’d be worth the use and shows some correlation between the years anyway

Domestic and outbound holiday trips made by EU residents in 2010:
  • Figures show that out of the total of one billion holiday trips, which European residents made, more than three quarters were within the country of residence. Domestic holiday trips lasted between 1 to 3 nights on average, with outbound trips being longer - 4 nights or more. 
Travel trends in the EU:
  • 61% of all trips made from the UK were domestic 
  • 41% short stay 
  • 20% long stay 
  • 39% abroad – 6% short & 33% long stay
Top European countries that preferred to take short holiday breaks within their own country in 2010: 
  • Latvia (73% of all holiday trips) 
  • Finland (70%) 
  • Denmark (67%) 
  • Spain (65%) 
  • Bulgaria & Portugal (both 64%) 
  • Greece (47%) 
  • France (39%) 
  • Italy and Poland (both 35%) 
On the other side, the countries where people travelled abroad the most in 2010:

Luxembourg (nearly 100% of all holiday trips)
  • Belgium (76%) 
  • Slovenia (56%) 
  • The Netherlands (53%) 
  • Austria (50%) 
The financial crisis may have influenced the travel decisions of EU residents significantly, particularly regarding overseas destinations. Countries where the recession is at its most prevalent, such as Spain, Italy, Greece and Portugal, accounted for the highest share of trips people made within their own country.

Most visited countries by international tourist arrivals
International tourism receipts
International tourism expenditures
Most visited cities by international tourist arrivals

Where do British people go on their holidays?
  • Two-thirds of all British people have their holidays in July and August, which are the most popular months for holidays. English school children are on holiday from the end of July to the beginning of September. 
  • Many British people spend much of their free time during the summer months down by the sea. Children enjoy swimming in the sea and building sandcastles.There are places near the sea, such as Blackpool, Scarborough and Bournemouth, where there is plenty to do even if it rains. 

Holidays Abroad:
  • Europe is the most popular destination for UK residents, accounting for 80 per cent of visits abroad. Spain has been the most popular country to visit since 1994, with 13.8 million visits in 2005. France was second in popularity, with 11.1 million visits. 
  • The number of visits by UK residents to the USA increased by 2 per cent in 2005 to 4.2 million, 6 per cent higher than the number in 2001. 
  • The number of visits abroad made by UK residents has more than tripled since 1985, to a record 66.4 million visits in 2005. 
Holiday trips abroad:
  • 1971 - 6.7 million 
  • 2005 - 66.4 million 
  • Two-thirds of these visits abroad are holidays with about half (47 per cent) package holidays. 
Timeline of British Holidays:
  • 1800-1850 - Ordinary working people only had holidays on ‘holy’ days (Sundays, Christmas, Easter)
  • 1850-1900 - The creation of a national railway system helped ordinary people travel. Most holidays were day trips to the British seaside by train. 
  • 1900-1960s - Most Britons started to take a short Summer holiday for a week. Camping and holidays in caravans became popular in the 60s as people started to buy cars. British holiday camps were popular. 
  • 1970s - The airline industry expanded and tour operators started to offer very cheap package holidays to Spain or ‘last minute’ cheap fares. Large numbers of UK residents started to go abroad for their holidays. The package holiday boom started. 
  • 1980s - Skiing holidays were starting to become popular and the package industry continued to expand. British tourists started to prefer a package holiday abroad to an expensive British holiday 
  • 1980s-1990s - Packages to the USA became much cheaper than trips to British resorts. Most ordinary people went abroad. 
  • 1990s - 2007 - A second yearly holiday became possible with more and more cheap packages. Holidays to Australia and more exotic locations became cheap enough for many ordinary working people.
Airport Information:
Manchester Airport - 

London Gatwick-

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